Thursday, July 9, 1998
Burkholder nets degree
Tiffani Burkholder, a native of Pecos, was recognized for
completion of a juris doctor degree at The University of
Tulsa's commencement ceremonies on May 9.
Burkholder was a member of Delta Theta Phi international law
She is the daughter of Terry and Jean Burkholder of Pecos.
TU is a private institution with about 4,200 students and is
Prevention best for avoiding sunburns
Cool compresses can ease the pain of summer's sunburns, but
prevention is the first step to a painless summer.
"Parents can teach their children early on how to prevent
sunburns," said Dr. Jim Nigro, a dermatologist at Baylor
College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital in
Houston. "It's hard to avoid the sun during the summer, but
you can be sensible about your exposure."
Nigro suggests the following sunburn prevention techniques:
* Avoid prolonged sun exposure between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m.
* Do not encourage sunbathing.
* Use an SPF 15 sunscreen that blocks both WA and WB light.
* Reapply sunscreen, even waterproof types, every 45 to 60
* Wear protective clothing - hats, sunglasses, shirts and
Nigro cautions that sunscreens are an imperfect protection.
"An SPF 15-level sunscreen applied sparingly actually gives
a much lower level of protection, more like 5 or 10. To get
the true level-15 protection, apply it carefully and
completely," Nigro said.
Clothing works better than sunscreen, but the protection
levels vary greatly, with a typical l-shirt providing only
about an SPF level of eight to 10.
"Remember that even on a cloudy day, ultraviolet light is
getting through and putting your child at risk for sunburn,
skin cancer and sun damage," he said.
Sunburn treatments focus on easing the pain and discomfort.
Nigro recommends cool, wet compresses, ice packs and cool
baths. Adults can take aspirin for pain while children
should be given ibuprofen products.
Avoid over-the-counter topical anesthetic creams because
these products often cause allergic reactions. Severe
sunburns should be treated by a doctor.
Studies have shown that patients with melanoma, the most
serious form of skin cancer, have a history of severe
blistering sunburns in childhood. The more common skin
cancers - basal and squamous cell cancers - are associated
with prolonged sun exposure over the years.
"Skin cancer risk begins in childhood. The more exposure you
have, even if it is fairly minimal, the greater the
cumulative risk," Nigro said.
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